The origins of Gianni Gagliardo date back to 1847, when the Colla family first began working vineyards in the Langhe zone of Piedmont. It was Paolo Colla, the fourth generation of the family who, in the 1960s, began bottling his own wine in the township of La Morra. Today, the sixth generation of the family, Stefano, Alberto, and Paolo Gagliardo, are the guardians of the estate. Stefano, an oenologist, has taken charge of the style of the wines, which are characterized by a tireless search for elegance, balance, and harmony. Alberto has responsibility for the vineyards, seeking optimal balance in the vines and a perfect ripening of the grapes. Paolo, the youngest, dedicates his energies to the commercial growth and development of Gianni Gagliardo.
Piedmont has fostered a serious winemaking tradition since the Middle Ages. Early references to Nebbiolo wine were documented in the castle of Rivoli in 1266 and in the village of Canale in the Roero in 1303. The region’s most prized grape was also highlighted in a book of statutes in the village of La Morra in 1431, wherein a five-lire fine was imposed on anyone who cut Nebbiolo vines.
Piedmont is Italy’s second largest geographical region and the country’s seventh largest wine-producing region. Approximately 45,000 hectares of Piedmont’s 25,399 square kilometers are under vine. Piemontese wine makes up 5 percent of Italy’s national production and almost 18 percent of the country’s total exports. Most of the region’s wine comes from small vineyards in which the growers also make the wine. In Barolo and Barbaresco, the region’s most revered winemaking areas, the average vineyard is only about five acres with an output of approximately 10,000 bottles a year.
Situated in the northwest, Piedmont shares borders with France and Switzerland. The region’s Italian name, Piemonte, translates to foot of the mountains, which is a fitting descriptor for its subalpine location and the fact that it’s surrounded by mountains on three sides—the Alps in the north and west and the Apennines in the south. The mountains create a protective barrier around Piedmont and the sub-alpine foothills offer many sunny slopes for planting the region’s most-prized grape. While the sunniest aspects tend to be reserved for Nebbiolo, nearly all of the vineyards in Piedmont are planted on hills ranging in elevation from 150 to 450 meters above sea level. Very few (less than 5 percent) are officially classified as flat. The coolest sites are usually planted with Dolcetto, except in the hills southeast of Asti, where cooler vineyards are reserved for Moscato. Variations in soil composition, altitude, and aspect combined with the sub-mountainous landscape contribute to a range of mesoclimates throughout the region. source: SevenFiftyDaily
Over the years, Gagliardo has gradually purchased land in many of the best vineyards in the townships of La Morra, Verduno, Barolo, Serralunga, and Monforte d’Alba, the very heart of the Barolo appellation, and in Monticello d’Alba in the Roero district. Today, the proprietary Nebbiolo vineyards are split equally between Roero and the Barolo zone, in 11 parcels situated on the two different banks of the Tanaro river. The special character of the terroir is the dominating factor behind the excellence of the Gagliardo wines, particularly the various Barolo offerings. This wide geographical range gives these wines their unique and exceptional personality, which gather and bring out the finest qualities of the Langhe and Roero zones
The goal is to coax the very finest expression of the Nebbiolo grape, allowing each parcel’s particular characteristics to shine. The management of the vineyards is based on balance and on the maximum respect of the vines and the soil; the estate is certified organic as of the 2017 vintage. In order to best protect the richness and the delicacy of what Mother Nature produces in the vineyard, no selected yeasts are added during fermentation. The wines are not filtered, but rather rendered more brilliant and naturally stabilized by winter cold.